The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (
NIAID), a department of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), says that to minimize your chances of catching a cold or the flu, you should follow these simple techniques:
- Eat nutritiously.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Get adequate rest.
- Exercise regularly.
- Minimize stress, which lowers your resistance.
- Reduce or stop smoking.
- Ask your health care provider about getting a flu vaccine.
You can avoid spreading colds and flu to your family and co-workers by following these “cold/flu courtesies:”
- Wash your hands every two hours to avoid spreading the virus to work surfaces. Anti-bacterial lotion alone is not recommended, but is effective when used in combination with hand washing.
- Use tissues instead of handkerchiefs to cover sneezes and coughs. Throw them away, and wash your hands immediately.
- Avoid shaking hands when you have a cold or the flu.
- Avoid crowds when possible.
- Clean work surfaces, doorknobs, etc., in your home with